Lisp

Platform.sh supports building and deploying applications written in Lisp using Common Lisp (the SBCL version) with ASDF and Quick Lisp support. They’re compiled during the Build phase, and support both committed dependencies and download-on-demand.

Supported versions 

Grid and Dedicated Gen 3 Dedicated Gen 2
  • 2.1
  • 2.0
  • 1.5
None available

Specify the language 

To use Lisp, specify lisp as your app’s type:

.platform.app.yaml
type: 'lisp:<VERSION_NUMBER>'

For example:

.platform.app.yaml
type: 'lisp:2.1'

Assumptions 

Platform.sh is making assumptions about your application to provide a more streamlined experience. These assumptions are the following:

  • Your .asd file is named like your system name. For example example.asd has (defsystem example ...).

Platform.sh will then run (asdf:make :example) on your system to build a binary.

If you don’t want these assumptions, you can disable this behavior by specifying in your .platform.app.yaml:

build:
    flavor: none

Dependencies 

The recommended way to handle Lisp dependencies on Platform.sh is using ASDF. Commit a .asd file in your repository and the system will automatically download the dependencies using QuickLisp.

QuickLisp options 

If you wish to change the distributions that QuickLisp is using, you can specify those as follows, specifying a distribution name, its URL and, an optional version:

runtime:
    quicklisp:
        <distribution name>:
            url: "..."
            version: "..."

For example:

runtime:
    quicklisp:
        quicklisp:
            url: 'http://beta.quicklisp.org/dist/quicklisp.txt'
            version: '2019-07-11'

Platform.sh variables 

Platform.sh exposes relationships and other configuration as environment variables. To get the PORT environment variable (the port on which your web application is supposed to listen):

(parse-integer (uiop:getenv "PORT"))

Building and running the application 

Assuming example.lisp and example.asd are present in your repository, the app is automatically built on push. You can then start it from the web.commands.start directive. Note that the start command must run in the foreground. Should the program terminate for any reason it’s automatically restarted. In the example below the app sleeps for a very, very long time. You could also choose to join the thread of your web server, or use other methods to make sure the program doesn’t terminate.

The following basic .platform.app.yaml file is sufficient to run most Lisp applications.

name: app
type: lisp:1.5
web:
    commands:
        start: ./example
    locations:
        /:
            allow: false
            passthru: true
disk: 512

Note that a proxy server is still in front of your app. If desired, certain paths may be served directly by the router without hitting your app (for static files, primarily) or you may route all requests to the Lisp application unconditionally, as in the example above.

Accessing Services 

The services configuration is available in the environment variable PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS.

To parse them, add the dependencies to your .asd file:

:depends-on (:jsown :babel :s-base64)

The following is an example of accessing a PostgreSQL instance:

(defun relationships ()
  (jsown:parse
   (babel:octets-to-string
    (with-input-from-string (in (uiop:getenv "PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS"))
      (s-base64:decode-base64-bytes in)))))

Given a relationship defined in .platform.app.yaml:

relationships:
    pg: postgresql:postgresql

The following would access that relationship, and provide your Lisp program the credentials to connect to a PostgreSQL instance. Add this to your .asd file:

:depends-on (:postmodern)

Then in your program you could access the PostgreSQL instance as follows:

(defvar *pg-spec* nil)

(defun setup-postgresql ()
  (let* ((pg-relationship (first (jsown:val (relationships) "pg")))
         (database (jsown:val pg-relationship "path"))
         (username (jsown:val pg-relationship "username"))
         (password (jsown:val pg-relationship "password"))
         (host (jsown:val pg-relationship "host")))
    (setf *pg-spec*
      (list database username password host)))
  (postmodern:with-connection *pg-spec*
    (unless (member "example_table" (postmodern:list-tables t) :test #'string=)
      (postmodern:execute "create table example_table (
    a_field TEXT NOT NULL UNIQUE,
    another_field TEXT NOT NULL UNIQUE
"))))

Example 

The following is a basic example of a Hunchentoot-based web app (you can find the corresponding .asd and Platform.sh .yaml files in the template):

(defpackage #:example
  (:use :hunchentoot :cl-who :cl)
  (:export main))

(in-package #:example)

(define-easy-handler (greet :uri "/hello") (name)
  (with-html-output-to-string (s) (htm (:body (:h1 "hello, " (str name))))))

(defun main ()
  (let ((acceptor (make-instance
                   'easy-acceptor
                   :port (parse-integer (uiop:getenv "PORT")))))
    (start acceptor)
    (sleep most-positive-fixnum)))

Notice how it gets the PORT from the environment and how it sleeps at the end, as (start acceptor) immediately yields and Platform.sh requires apps to run in the foreground.

Project templates 

The following list shows templates available for Lisp apps. A template is a starting point for building your project. It isn’t yet ready for a production environment, but it should help you get there.

Lisp Hunchentoot

Lisp Hunchentoot

This template provides the most basic configuration for running a Lisp Huchentoot web server for Platform.sh. It can be used to build a very rudimentary application but is intended primarily as a documentation reference. It is meant to be a starting point and can be modified to fit your own needs.

This template builds a simple Lisp Hunchentoot web server for Platform.sh. It includes a minimalist application for demonstration, but you are free to alter it as needed.

Hunchentoot is a web server written in Common Lisp and at the same time a toolkit for building dynamic websites.

Features:

  • Lisp 1.5
  • Automatic TLS certificates

View the repository on GitHub.

Deploy on Platform.sh