Send email

You can configure your Platform.sh environments to send emails via an SMTP proxy.

Emails aren’t guaranteed to be deliverable and you can’t white-label them. The SMTP proxy is intended as a zero-configuration, best-effort service.

1. Turn on outgoing email 

You can turn on outgoing email for each environment. By default, email is turned on for your Production environment and blocked for other environments.

To turn it on for a specific environment, follow these steps:

  • Select the project with the given environment.
  • From the Environment menu, select the environment.
  • Click Settings.
  • In the row with Outgoing emails, click Edit .
  • Select the Email sending checkbox.

To turn off outgoing email, clear the Email sending checkbox.

To turn on outgoing email, run the following command:

platform environment:info -e <ENVIRONMENT_NAME> enable_smtp true

To turn off outgoing email, replace true with false.

Changing the setting rebuilds the environment.

2. (Optional) Improve deliverability 

Improve deliverability of your email with Sender Policy Framework (SPF). Add the following TXT record to your domain’s DNS records:

>v=spf1 include:sendgrid.net -all

3. (Optional) Validate your email 

Tier availability

This feature is available for Enterprise and Elite customers. Compare the Platform.sh tiers on our pricing page, or contact our sales team for more information.

If you’re on an Enterprise or Elite plan, you can request for DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) to be enabled on your domain.

DKIM improves your delivery rate as an email sender. Learn more about how DKIM works.

To have DKIM enabled for your domain:

  1. Open a support ticket with the domain where you want DKIM.
  2. Update your DNS configuration with the CNAME and TXT records that you get in the ticket.

Checks for the expected DNS records run every 15 minutes before validation.

The TXT record looks similar to the following:

>v=spf1 include:u17504801.wl.sendgrid.net -all

4. Test the email service 

To test the email service, use the CLI to connect to your app by running platform ssh. Run the following command:

printf "From: <SENDER_EMAIL_ADDRESS>\nSubject: Test \nThis is a test message" | /usr/sbin/sendmail <RECIPIENT_EMAIL_ADDRESS>

Replace the variables with actual email addresses as in the following example:

printf "From: someone@example.com\nSubject: Test \nThis is a test message" | /usr/sbin/sendmail someone@example.net

In a little while, the test message should arrive at the recipient address.

Be careful to test with real email addresses. If you send emails to fake domains (such as example.com), they fail and hurt your sending reputation. Make sure your test emails are deliverable.

5. Send email from your app 

You can use /usr/sbin/sendmail on your app container to send emails as with the example in the previous step. Or use the PLATFORM_SMTP_HOST environment variable in your SMTP configuration.

When outgoing emails are on, PLATFORM_SMTP_HOST is the address of the SMTP host that should be used. When outgoing emails are off, the variable is empty.

When using PLATFORM_SMTP_HOST, send email through port 25 (often the default). Your emails are proxied through the Platform.sh SMTP host and encrypted over port 465 before being sent to the outside world.

The precise way to send email depends on the language and framework you use. See some examples for given languages.

To send email in PHP, you can use the built-in mail() function. The PHP runtime is configured to send email automatically with the correct configuration. This works even for libraries such as PHPMailer, which uses the mail() function by default.

Note that the From header is required. Your email isn’t sent if that header is missing.

Beware of potential security problems when using the mail() function. If you use any input from users in the $additional_headers or $additional_params parameters, be sure to sanitize it first.

JavaMail is a Java API used to send and receive email via SMTP, POP3, and IMAP. JavaMail is built into the Jakarta EE platform, but also provides an optional package for use in Java SE.

Jakarta Mail defines a platform-independent and protocol-independent framework to build mail and messaging applications.

The following example sends email using Jakarta Mail:

import sh.platform.config.Config;

import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.logging.Level;
import java.util.logging.Logger;

public class JavaEmailSender {

    private static final Logger LOGGER = Logger.getLogger(JavaEmailSender.class.getName());

    public void send() {
        Config config = new Config();
        String to = "";//change accordingly
        String from = "";//change accordingly
        String host = config.getSmtpHost();
        //or IP address
        //Get the session object
        Properties properties = System.getProperties();
        properties.setProperty("mail.smtp.host", host);
        Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(properties);

        //compose the message
        try {
            MimeMessage message = new MimeMessage(session);
            message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from));
            message.addRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO, new InternetAddress(to));
            message.setSubject("Ping");
            message.setText("Hello, this is example of sending email  ");

            // Send message
            Transport.send(message);
            System.out.println("message sent successfully....");

        } catch (MessagingException exp) {
            exp.printStackTrace();
            LOGGER.log(Level.SEVERE, "there is an error to send an message", exp);
        }
    }
}

Guides on using JavaMail:

Alternative: Use a different email server 

If you need more options, use your own SMTP server or email delivery service provider. Bear in mind that TCP port 25 is blocked for security reasons. Use port 465 or 587 instead to send email to your own external email server.