Platform.sh User Documentation

Memcached (Object cache)

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Memcached is a simple in-memory object store well-suited for application level caching.

See the Memcached documentation for more information.

Both Memcached and Redis can be used for application caching. As a general rule, Memcached is simpler and thus more widely supported while Redis is more robust. Platform.sh recommends using Redis if possible but Memcached is fully supported if an application favors that cache service.

Use a framework Anchor to this heading

If you use one of the following frameworks, follow its guide:

For more implementation ideas, consult a template.

Supported versions Anchor to this heading

You can select the major and minor version.

Patch versions are applied periodically for bug fixes and the like. When you deploy your app, you always get the latest available patches.

Grid Dedicated Gen 3 Dedicated Gen 2
  • 1.6
  • 1.5
  • 1.4
None available
  • 1.4*

* No High-Availability on Dedicated Gen 2.

Relationship reference Anchor to this heading

Example information available through the PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS environment variable or by running platform relationships.

Note that the information about the relationship can change when an app is redeployed or restarted or the relationship is changed. So your apps should only rely on the PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS environment variable directly rather than hard coding any values.

{
    "service": "memcached16",
    "ip": "169.254.228.111",
    "hostname": "3sdm72jgaxge2b6aunxdlzxyea.memcached16.service._.eu-3.platformsh.site",
    "cluster": "rjify4yjcwxaa-master-7rqtwti",
    "host": "memcached.internal",
    "rel": "memcached",
    "scheme": "memcached",
    "type": "memcached:1.6",
    "port": 11211
}

Usage example Anchor to this heading

1. Configure the service Anchor to this heading

To define the service, use the memcached type:

.platform/services.yaml
# The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
<SERVICE_NAME>:

    type: memcached:<VERSION>

Note that changing the name of the service replaces it with a brand new service and all existing data is lost. Back up your data before changing the service.

2. Add the relationship Anchor to this heading

To define the relationship, use the memcached endpoint :

.platform.app.yaml
# Relationships enable access from this app to a given service.
relationships:
    <RELATIONSHIP_NAME>: "<SERVICE_NAME>:memcached"

You can define <SERVICE_NAME> and <RELATIONSHIP_NAME> as you like, but it’s best if they’re distinct. With this definition, the application container now has access to the service via the relationship <RELATIONSHIP_NAME>.

For PHP, enable the extension for the service:

.platform.app.yaml
# PHP extensions.
runtime:
    extensions:
        - memcached

For Python, include the proper dependency:

.platform.app.yaml
# Build dependencies per runtime.
dependencies:
    python:
        python-memcached: '*'

Example Configuration Anchor to this heading

Service definition Anchor to this heading

.platform/services.yaml
# The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
cachemc:

    type: memcached:1.6

App configuration Anchor to this heading

.platform.app.yaml
# Relationships enable access from this app to a given service.
relationships:
    memcachedcache: "cachemc:memcached"

Use in app Anchor to this heading

To use the configured service in your app, add a configuration file similar to the following to your project.

package examples

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/bradfitz/gomemcache/memcache"
	psh "github.com/platformsh/config-reader-go/v2"
	gomemcache "github.com/platformsh/config-reader-go/v2/gomemcache"
)

func UsageExampleMemcached() string {

	// Create a NewRuntimeConfig object to ease reading the Platform.sh environment variables.
	// You can alternatively use os.Getenv() yourself.
	config, err := psh.NewRuntimeConfig()
	checkErr(err)

	// Get the credentials to connect to the Solr service.
	credentials, err := config.Credentials("memcached")
	checkErr(err)

	// Retrieve formatted credentials for gomemcache.
	formatted, err := gomemcache.FormattedCredentials(credentials)
	checkErr(err)

	// Connect to Memcached.
	mc := memcache.New(formatted)

	// Set a value.
	key := "Deploy_day"
	value := "Friday"

	err = mc.Set(&memcache.Item{Key: key, Value: []byte(value)})

	// Read it back.
	test, err := mc.Get(key)

	return fmt.Sprintf("Found value <strong>%s</strong> for key <strong>%s</strong>.", test.Value, key)
}
package sh.platform.languages.sample;

import net.spy.memcached.MemcachedClient;
import sh.platform.config.Config;

import java.util.function.Supplier;

import sh.platform.config.Memcached;

public class MemcachedSample implements Supplier<String> {

    @Override
    public String get() {
        StringBuilder logger = new StringBuilder();

        // Create a new config object to ease reading the Platform.sh environment variables.
        // You can alternatively use getenv() yourself.
        Config config = new Config();

        // Get the credentials to connect to the Memcached service.
        Memcached memcached = config.getCredential("memcached", Memcached::new);

        final MemcachedClient client = memcached.get();

        String key = "cloud";
        String value = "platformsh";

        // Set a value.
        client.set(key, 0, value);

        // Read it back.
        Object test = client.get(key);

        logger.append("<p>");
        logger.append(String.format("Found value <code>%s</code> for key <code>%s</code>.", test, key));
        logger.append("</p>");

        return logger.toString();
    }
}
const Memcached = require('memcached');
const config = require("platformsh-config").config();
const { promisify } = require('util');

exports.usageExample = async function() {
    const credentials = config.credentials('memcached');
    const client = new Memcached(`${credentials.host}:${credentials.port}`);

    // The MemcacheD client is not Promise-aware, so make it so.
    const memcachedGet = promisify(client.get).bind(client);
    const memcachedSet = promisify(client.set).bind(client);

    const key = 'Deploy-day';
    const value = 'Friday';

    // Set a value.
    await memcachedSet(key, value, 10);

    // Read it back.
    const test = await memcachedGet(key);

    return `Found value <strong>${test}</strong> for key <strong>${key}</strong>.`;
};
<?php

declare(strict_types=1);

use Platformsh\ConfigReader\Config;

// Create a new config object to ease reading the Platform.sh environment variables.
// You can alternatively use getenv() yourself.
$config = new Config();

// Get the credentials to connect to the Memcached service.
$credentials = $config->credentials('memcached');

try {
    // Connecting to Memcached server.
    $memcached = new Memcached();
    $memcached->addServer($credentials['host'], $credentials['port']);
    $memcached->setOption(Memcached::OPT_BINARY_PROTOCOL, true);

    $key = "Deploy day";
    $value = "Friday";

    // Set a value.
    $memcached->set($key, $value);

    // Read it back.
    $test = $memcached->get($key);

    printf('Found value <strong>%s</strong> for key <strong>%s</strong>.', $test, $key);

} catch (Exception $e) {
    print $e->getMessage();
}

import pymemcache
from platformshconfig import Config


def usage_example():

    # Create a new Config object to ease reading the Platform.sh environment variables.
    # You can alternatively use os.environ yourself.
    config = Config()

    # Get the credentials to connect to the Memcached service.
    credentials = config.credentials('memcached')

    try:
        # Try connecting to Memached server.
        memcached = pymemcache.Client((credentials['host'], credentials['port']))
        memcached.set('Memcached::OPT_BINARY_PROTOCOL', True)

        key = "Deploy_day"
        value = "Friday"

        # Set a value.
        memcached.set(key, value)

        # Read it back.
        test = memcached.get(key)

        return 'Found value <strong>{0}</strong> for key <strong>{1}</strong>.'.format(test.decode("utf-8"), key)

    except Exception as e:
        return e

Accessing Memcached directly Anchor to this heading

To access the Memcached service directly you can use netcat as Memcached doesn’t have a dedicated client tool. Assuming your Memcached relationship is named cache, the host name and port number obtained from PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS would be cache.internal and 11211. Open an SSH session and access the Memcached server as follows:

netcat cache.internal 11211

Note that the information about the relationship can change when an app is redeployed or restarted or the relationship is changed. So your apps should only rely on the PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS environment variable directly rather than hard coding any values.

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