Platform.sh User Documentation

OpenSearch (search service)

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OpenSearch is a distributed RESTful search engine built for the cloud.

See the OpenSearch documentation for more information.

To switch from Elasticsearch, follow the same procedure as for upgrading.

Supported versions Anchor to this heading

Grid Dedicated Gen 3 Dedicated Gen 2
  • 2
  • 1
  • 2
  • 2.5
  • 1.2

On Grid and Dedicated Gen 3, from version 2, you only specify the major version. The latest compatible minor version and patches are applied automatically. On Grid, version 1 represents a rolling release - the latest minor version available from the upstream.

You can see the latest minor and patch versions of OpenSearch available from the 2.x and 1.x release lines.

Deprecated versions Anchor to this heading

The following versions are still available in your projects, but they’re at their end of life and are no longer receiving security updates from upstream, or are no longer the recommended way to configure the service on Platform.sh.

Grid Dedicated Gen 3 Dedicated Gen 2
  • 1.2
  • 1.1

To ensure your project remains stable in the future, switch to a supported version.

Relationship reference Anchor to this heading

Example information available through the PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS environment variable or by running platform relationships.

Note that the information about the relationship can change when an app is redeployed or restarted or the relationship is changed. So your apps should only rely on the PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS environment variable directly rather than hard coding any values.

{
    "username": null,
    "scheme": "http",
    "service": "opensearch12",
    "fragment": null,
    "ip": "169.254.99.100",
    "hostname": "2e36wpnescmc5ffcddczsnhnai.opensearch12.service._.eu-3.platformsh.site",
    "port": 9200,
    "cluster": "rjify4yjcwxaa-master-7rqtwti",
    "host": "opensearch.internal",
    "rel": "opensearch",
    "path": null,
    "query": [],
    "password": "ChangeMe",
    "type": "opensearch:2",
    "public": false,
    "host_mapped": false
}

Usage example Anchor to this heading

1. Configure the service Anchor to this heading

To define the service, use the opensearch type:

.platform/services.yaml
# The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
<SERVICE_NAME>:

    type: opensearch:<VERSION>
    disk: 256

Note that changing the name of the service replaces it with a brand new service and all existing data is lost. Back up your data before changing the service.

2. Add the relationship Anchor to this heading

To define the relationship, use the opensearch endpoint :

.platform.app.yaml
# Relationships enable access from this app to a given service.
relationships:
    <RELATIONSHIP_NAME>: "<SERVICE_NAME>:opensearch"

You can define <SERVICE_NAME> and <RELATIONSHIP_NAME> as you like, but it’s best if they’re distinct. With this definition, the application container now has access to the service via the relationship <RELATIONSHIP_NAME>.

Example Configuration Anchor to this heading

Service definition Anchor to this heading

.platform/services.yaml
# The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
searchopen:

    type: opensearch:2
    disk: 256

App configuration Anchor to this heading

.platform.app.yaml
# Relationships enable access from this app to a given service.
relationships:
    ossearch: "searchopen:opensearch"

Use in app Anchor to this heading

To use the configured service in your app, add a configuration file similar to the following to your project.

.platform.app.yaml
# Relationships enable an app container's access to a service.
relationships:
    searchopen: "searchopen:opensearch"

This configuration defines a single application myapp, whose source code exists in the directory <PROJECT_ROOT>/myapp, and has been provided access to the service (searchopen) via the relationship searchopen.

From this, myapp can retrieve access credentials to the service through the environment variable PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS. That variable is a base64-encoded JSON object, but can be decoded at runtime (using the built-in tool jq) to provide more accessible environment variables to use within the application itself:

myapp/.environment
# Decode the built-in credentials object variable.
export RELATIONSHIPS_JSON=$(echo $PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS | base64 --decode)

# Set environment variables for individual credentials.
export OS_SCHEME=$(echo $RELATIONSHIPS_JSON | jq -r ".searchopen[0].scheme")
export OS_HOST=$(echo $RELATIONSHIPS_JSON | jq -r ".searchopen[0].host")
export OS_PORT=$(echo $RELATIONSHIPS_JSON | jq -r ".searchopen[0].port")

# Surface more common OpenSearch connection string variables for use in app.
export OPENSEARCH_USERNAME=$(echo $RELATIONSHIPS_JSON | jq -r ".searchopen[0].username")
export OPENSEARCH_PASSWORD=$(echo $RELATIONSHIPS_JSON  | jq -r ".searchopen[0].password")
export OPENSEARCH_HOSTS=[\"$OS_SCHEME://$OS_HOST:$OS_PORT\"]

The above file โ€” .environment in the myapp directory โ€” is automatically sourced by Platform.sh into the runtime environment, so that the variable OPENSEARCH_HOSTS can be used within the application to connect to the service.

Note that OPENSEARCH_HOSTS, and all Platform.sh-provided environment variables like PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS, are environment-dependent. Unlike the build produced for a given commit, they can’t be reused across environments and only allow your app to connect to a single service instance on a single environment.

A file very similar to this is generated automatically for your when using the platform ify command to migrate a codebase to Platform.sh.

Authentication Anchor to this heading

By default, OpenSearch has no authentication. No username or password is required to connect to it.

You may optionally enable HTTP Basic authentication. To do so, include the following in your .platform/services.yaml configuration:

.platform/services.yaml
# The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
search:
    type: opensearch:2
    disk: 2048
    configuration:
        authentication:
            enabled: true

That enables mandatory HTTP Basic auth on all requests. The credentials are available in any relationships that point at that service, in the username and password properties.

Note that the information about the relationship can change when an app is redeployed or restarted or the relationship is changed. So your apps should only rely on the PLATFORM_RELATIONSHIPS environment variable directly rather than hard coding any values.

This functionality is generally not required if OpenSearch isn’t exposed on its own public HTTP route. However, certain applications may require it, or it allows you to safely expose OpenSearch directly to the web. To do so, add a route to .platform/routes.yaml that has search:opensearch as its upstream (where search is whatever you named the service). For example:

.platform/routes.yaml
"https://www.os.{default}/":
    type: redirect
    to: "https://os.{default}/"
"https://os.{default}/":
    type: upstream
    upstream: "search:opensearch"
    

Plugins Anchor to this heading

OpenSearch offers a number of plugins. To enable them, list them under the configuration.plugins key in your .platform/services.yaml file, like so:

.platform/services.yaml
# The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
search:
    type: "opensearch:2"
    disk: 1024
    configuration:
        plugins:
            - analysis-icu
            - lang-python

In this example you’d have the ICU analysis plugin and the size mapper plugin.

If there is a publicly available plugin you need that isn’t listed here, contact support.

Available plugins Anchor to this heading

This is the complete list of plugins that can be enabled:

Plugin Description 1 2
analysis-icu Support ICU Unicode text analysis * *
analysis-kuromoji Japanese language support * *
analysis-nori Integrates Lucene Nori analysis module into OpenSearch * *
analysis-phonetic Phonetic analysis * *
analysis-smartcn Smart Chinese Analysis Plugins * *
analysis-stempel Stempel Polish Analysis Plugin * *
analysis-ukrainian Ukrainian language support * *
ingest-attachment Extract file attachments in common formats (such as PPT, XLS, and PDF) * *
mapper-annotated-text Adds support for text fields with markup used to inject annotation tokens into the index * *
mapper-murmur3 Murmur3 mapper plugin for computing hashes at index-time * *
mapper-size Size mapper plugin, enables the _size meta field * *
repository-s3 Support for using S3 as a repository for Snapshot/Restore * *
transport-nio Support for NIO transport * *

Plugin removal Anchor to this heading

Removing plugins previously added in your .platform/services.yaml file doesn’t automatically uninstall them from your OpenSearch instances. This is deliberate, as removing a plugin may result in data loss or corruption of existing data that relied on that plugin. Removing a plugin usually requires reindexing.

To permanently remove a previously enabled plugin, upgrade the service to create a new instance of OpenSearch and migrate to it. In most cases it isn’t necessary as an unused plugin has no appreciable impact on the server.

Upgrading Anchor to this heading

The OpenSearch data format sometimes changes between versions in incompatible ways. OpenSearch doesn’t include a data upgrade mechanism as it’s expected that all indexes can be regenerated from stable data if needed. To upgrade (or downgrade) OpenSearch, use a new service from scratch.

There are two ways to do so.

Destructive Anchor to this heading

In your .platform/services.yaml file, change the version and name of your OpenSearch service. Be sure to also update the reference to the now changed service name in it’s corresponding application’s relationship block.

When you push that to Platform.sh, the old service is deleted and a new one with the new name is created with no data. You can then have your application reindex data as appropriate.

This approach has the downsides of temporarily having an empty OpenSearch instance, which your application may or may not handle gracefully, and needing to rebuild your index afterward. Depending on the size of your data that could take a while.

Transitional Anchor to this heading

With a transitional approach, you temporarily have two OpenSearch services. Add a second OpenSearch service with the new version a new name and give it a new relationship in .platform.app.yaml. You can optionally run in that configuration for a while to allow your application to populate indexes in the new service as well.

Once you’re ready to switch over, remove the old OpenSearch service and relationship. You may optionally have the new OpenSearch service use the old relationship name if that’s easier for your app to handle. Your application is now using the new OpenSearch service.

This approach has the benefit of never being without a working OpenSearch instance. On the downside, it requires two running OpenSearch servers temporarily, each of which consumes resources and needs adequate disk space. Depending on the size of your data, that may be a lot of disk space.

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